Robert Catesby

 The Gunpowder Plot was a failed assassination attempt against King James 1 by a group of English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.  Many English Catholics had hoped that the death of Elizabeth 1 and the accession of James in 1603 would lead to a relenting of harsh penalties for recusancy.  Because Elizabeth had not formally named James as her successor, and to counter the efforts of influential Catholics like Robert Persons, James did some skilled political maneuvering with the...